When Does A Year Begin?

The 1st month of the year is very simple to know. It occurs "AT" the equinox which is when the barley is Abib. There is no reason to have to check when the barley is Abib in Egypt or Israel because we know when that occurs. There is no reason to have to know when the equinox occurs, because we again already know. This occurs no earlier than Feb. 19th and no later than March 20th. The 1st new moon in God's calendar will be the new moon that occurs between those dates. It's as simple as that.

In creation, the first month/moon of the year stayed the first month of the year until the moon drifted backwards over 29 ½ days from the equinox, or beginning point, then an adjustment would be made, by adding a thirteenth month, which keeps the first month of the year in line with the equinox and the spring Harvest season/Abib.

The Almighty created heaven and earth before he said let there be light and equally divided it from the darkness, at the equinox. Therefore the 1st month ALWAYS starts BEFORE the equinox. 

It is a scientific fact that each year it takes the moon approximately 11 days longer, than the sun, to make a complete yearly cycle and return to the point they started. At creation they both would have started at the same time. In other words, if Adam or Moses saw a new moon was going to occur anywhere within 29 ½ days before the equinox, they would know that they are still in the first month of the year and the spring harvest season, same as in creation, because the moon has not drifted over 29½ half days from the equinox. When the adjustment is made, the new moon will ALWAYS still be the new moon BEFORE the equinox, it will NEVER pass it! The first month of the yea
r will NEVER be a new moon after the equinox.

Both Philo (who lived during the time of our Savior) and Scripture teach to keep the 7 day feasts AT the equinox. All feast keepers realize that a 13th new moon will rise before the equinox, approximately every third year, and an adjustment must be made, in order to keep the month and year together. The question is, which side of the equinox is the adjustment made???

The first day in creation was the first day of everything, the month, the year, etc. and from there, in comparison with the sun, the moon will drift backward
s, losing approximately 11 days each year, because the moon is slower than the sun. And after three years, a loss of 33 days, which is OVER a month away from the equinox, and therefore an additional lunar month must be added, in order to keep the moon/m
onth in line with the solar equinox, or you will not be able to tell time, because you will not know which month is the first month of the year. Notice, an adjustment will never be made AFTER THE EQUINOX, because the moon drifts BACKWARDS. When this adjustment is made, or extra month is added, it will ALWAYS bring you back toward the equinox, or the starting point, first day of creation, when light and darkness was equally divided, but it will NEVER cross the beginning point/equinox, from which it started!

In other words, the adjustment is ALWAYS made before the equinox. This is a scientific and mathematical fact that cannot be intelligently argued against, and the same is still true today. Adam and Moses would understand this simple fact. Nature is the one that produces this thirteenth month and is not an arbitrary month that man may decide when to add it, for whatever reason, before it is produced by nature.

It has been doing this since creation, and we should not try to produce a first month of the year beyond the traditional equinox, in order to make it fit our theology. If we do, it will cause the feast of Tabernacles to be observed in the eighth month instead of the seventh, which is a no-no in Scripture. It will be a month we devised of our own heart, instead of nature. Tabernacles should be observed as close to the middle of the year as possible, according to the Septuagint, Exodus 34:22.

Philo, who lived during the time of the New Testament teaches that the feast are observed [at] the equinoxes. Philo, who certainly knew when the first month was, not only teaches that the feast are kept [at] the equinoxes, but specifically says that the month in which the equinox takes place, is the first month of the year. By taking the month in which the equinox occurs, will ALWAYS put your feast as near as possible to the equinoxes, which he says ripens the grain. This causes the feast to always be around the full moon nearest the equinox. The full moon nearest the autumnal equinox is called the Harvest Moon, because before farmers had lights, they harvested on into the night by the light of the Harvest Moon, and that’s where it get its name, according to encyclopedias. Look it up.

Here is a quote from Philo, which shows how they understood when the first new moon of the year was, who was actually an eyewitness during the time of the New Testament.

And the sun, the ruler of the day, making two equinoxes every year, both in spring and autumn... For each of the equinoxes takes place in the seventh month, at which time men are expressly commanded by law to celebrate the greatest and most popular and comprehensive festivals; since it is owing to both these seasons, that all the fruits of the earth are engendered and brought to perfection;”

Notice he teaches and understood the equinoxes were in the 1st and 7th month! In other words, the month began first, and then the equinox! If no equinox occurs in the month you are keeping, then it is not the same 1st or 7th month that Philo and other feast keepers of his day kept! 

Flaccus XIV. (116) “This was the unexampled misfortune which befell Flaccus in the country of which he was governor, being taken prisoner like an enemy on account of the Jews, as it appears to me, whom he had determined to destroy utterly in his desire for glory. And a manifest proof of this is to be found in the time of his arrest, for it was the general festival of the Jews at the time of the autumnal equinox, during which it is the custom of the Jews to live in tents;”

The above teaches that Tabernacles is around the traditional equinox which happens around the middle of the year, SEPTEMBER 22nd, NOT OCTOBER! If the equinox is in September/7th month and Philo and our Savior kept the feast at that time, why are people keeping it in October and November/8th month???? The equinox IS NOT around October and November and neither is the feast. You are not [AT] the equinox in October! If it was the general festival of the Jews at the time of the autumnal equinox, during which it is the custom of the Jews to live in tents, why is Tabernacles generally held in October/November by those who takes the first new moon after the equinox??? 

By taking the moon in which the equinox occurs, as the first month of the year, you will almost always have your harvest feast at the Harvest Moon. The full moon after the Harvest Moon is called the Hunter’s Moon, and is named that because this is when they begin hunting meat for the winter, after the Harvest Moon. The same encyclopedia says that the Harvest Moon will always be within two weeks before or after the equinox.   

If there is a month/moon that would put your feast closer to the equinox than the one you’re keeping, you are in the wrong month, according to the teachings of Philo, who was an eyewitness. Philo is right because it is the sun that ripens the grain for the feast.

This next quote is further proof that Philo never counted from the new moon after the traditional equinox to observe the feasts.
But to the seventh day of the week he has assigned the greatest festivals, those of the longest duration, at the periods of the equinox both vernal and autumnal in each year; appointing two festivals for these two epochs, each lasting seven days; the one which takes place in the spring being for the perfection of what is being sown, and the one which falls in autumn being a feast of thanksgiving for the bringing home of all the fruits which the trees have produced. And seven days have very appropriately been appointed to the seventh month of each equinox, so that each month might receive an especial honour of one sacred day of festival, for the purpose of refreshing and cheering the mind with its holiday.


Exodus 13:4-5, 10 commands everyone to remember the day in which they came out of Egypt and that “THAT DAY” was in the month of abib/young tender ears of grain, and that they were to keep THIS SERVICE in “THIS MONTH”. And then in verse 10 they were commanded to keep this ordinance in his seasons from year-to-year.

Without boundaries it is impossible to tell time, days, months, weeks, or years. You cannot keep the appointed times of the Almighty without boundary lines. You cannot even tell time on the clock without boundary lines. Each scriptural month has boundary lines! Yes, the month of abib, the month in which the feast is to be observed, has boundary lines! Scriptural boundary lines are found in nature, and at the very first year in creation there was a boundary line set for the spring feast.

The first day in creation would have been the very first day of the month and the year. It would have been the very first day of everything. March 20th is the spring equinox, when everything begins. Adam would have observed the spring feast around April 4, and THIS FEAST WOULD HAVE BEEN A BOUNDARY LINE, 14 days after the new moon day. No scriptural feast can ever be observed beyond the April 4 boundary. April 4, would be the extreme boundary line on one end and THE OTHER BOUNDARY LINE, would be around March 5 or 6, 14 days before the equinox, on the other end. This is the seasonal boundary lines for the month of abib/young tender green ears of barley! There is a boundary line where the seeds are no longer young and tender, and you are no longer in the month of Abib. There are no young tender ears of grain before March 5, and there are no young tender ears of grain after April 4, THESE ARE SEASONAL BOUNDARY LINES, and it is the season that they left Egypt, which we are to commemorate.