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The Gospel in the Old Testament

You study the Scriptures diligently because you think that in them you have eternal life. These are the very Scriptures that testify about me. John 5:39
If you believed Moses, you would believe me, for he wrote about me. John 5:46
(The Old Testament was the scriptures in the days of Jesus. He is saying that the Old Testament is all about him. If this is true then this would vastly change the lenses with which we read the Old Testament. We would then see just how much is written in the Old Testament about Jesus and his purpose in his 1st advent. Also we would see just how much is written about the millennial reign of Christ in his 2nd advent as well as the new heaven and new earth. Let's see how true this is...)

Isaiah
Jeremiah
Lamentations
Lamentations was most likely written by Jeremiah as an eyewitness to the Babylonian exile of Israel. It was written in the late 6th century BC. Jeremiah the prophet laments the punishment of God on Israel for their many sins. God sends them into exile. God also shows his grace to them by not completely destroying them. No prophecies of Jesus or the millennial kingdom.

Ezekiel
Daniel
Daniel was a prophet of God during the Babylonian exile during the 6th century bc. 

“In the time of those kings, the God of heaven will set up a kingdom that will never be destroyed, nor will it be left to another people. It will crush all those kingdoms and bring them to an end, but it will itself endure forever. This is the meaning of the vision of the rock cut out of a mountain, but not by human hands—a rock that broke the iron, the bronze, the clay, the silver and the gold to pieces. “The great God has shown the king what will take place in the future. The dream is true and its interpretation is trustworthy.” Daniel 2:44-45

“In my vision at night I looked, and there before me was one like a son of man, coming with the clouds of heaven. He approached the Ancient of Days and was led into his presence. He was given authority, glory and sovereign power; all nations and peoples of every language worshiped him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion that will not pass away, and his kingdom is one that will never be destroyed. Daniel 7:13-14

But the holy people of the Most High will receive the kingdom and will possess it forever—yes, for ever and ever.’ Daniel 7:18

As I watched, this horn was waging war against the holy people and defeating them, until the Ancient of Days came and pronounced judgment in favor of the holy people of the Most High, and the time came when they possessed the kingdom. Daniel 7:21-22

Then the sovereignty, power and greatness of all the kingdoms under heaven will be handed over to the holy people of the Most High. His kingdom will be an everlasting kingdom, and all rulers will worship and obey him.’ Daniel 7:27

Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy. Know therefore and understand, thatfrom the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times. And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate. Daniel 9:24-27

Multitudes who sleep in the dust of the earth will awake: some to everlasting life, others to shame and everlasting contempt. Those who are wise will shine like the brightness of the heavens, and those who lead many to righteousness, like the stars for ever and ever. Daniel 12:2-3

“As for you, go your way till the end. You will rest, and then at the end of the days you will rise to receive your allotted inheritance.” Daniel 12:13

Hosea
Hosea was a prophet of God to the northern kingdom of Israel in the 8th century bc. 

“Yet the Israelites will be like the sand on the seashore, which cannot be measured or counted. In the place where it was said to them, ‘You are not my people,’ they will be called ‘children of the living God.’ The people of Judah and the people of Israel will come together; they will appoint one leader and will come up out of the land, for great will be the day of Jezreel. Hosea 1:10-11

“Therefore I am now going to allure her; I will lead her into the wilderness and speak tenderly to her. There I will give her back her vineyards, and will make the Valley of Achor a door of hope. There she will respond as in the days of her youth, as in the day she came up out of Egypt. “In that day,” declares the Lord, “you will call me ‘my husband’; you will no longer call me ‘my master.’ I will remove the names of the Baals from her lips; no longer will their names be invoked. In that day I will make a covenant for them with the beasts of the field, the birds in the sky and the creatures that move along the ground. Bow and sword and battle I will abolish from the land, so that all may lie down in safety. I will betroth you to me forever; I will betroth you in righteousness and justice, in love and compassion. I will betroth you in faithfulness, and you will acknowledge the Lord. “In that day I will respond,” declares the Lord—“I will respond to the skies, and they will respond to the earth; and the earth will respond to the grain, the new wine and the olive oil, and they will respond to Jezreel. I will plant her for myself in the land; I will show my love to the one I called ‘Not my loved one.’ I will say to those called ‘Not my people,' ‘You are my people’; and they will say, ‘You are my God.’ ” Hosea 2:14-23

The Lord said to me, “Go, show your love to your wife again, though she is loved by another man and is an adulteress. Love her as the Lord loves the Israelites, though they turn to other gods and love the sacred raisin cakes.” So I bought her for fifteen shekels of silver and about a homer and a lethek of barley. Then I told her, “You are to live with me many days; you must not be a prostitute or be intimate with any man, and I will behave the same way toward you.” For the Israelites will live many days without king or prince, without sacrifice or sacred stones, without ephod or household gods. Afterward the Israelites will return and seek the Lord their God and David their king. They will come trembling to the Lord and to his blessings in the last days. Hosea 3:1-5

Sow righteousness for yourselves, reap the fruit of unfailing love, and break up your unplowed ground; for it is time to seek the Lord, until he comes and showers his righteousness on you. Hosea 10:12

“I will deliver this people from the power of the grave; I will redeem them from death. Where, O death, are your plagues? Where, O grave, is your destruction? Hosea 13:14

Joel
Joel was a prophet of God in the 9th century bc to the kingdom of Israel. He foretold of the destruction of Israel and their exile. Joel also foretold of the 1st and 2nd accents of Christ.

“And afterward, I will pour out my Spirit on all people. Your sons and daughters will prophesy, your old men will dream dreams, your young men will see visions. Even on my servants, both men and women, I will pour out my Spirit in those days. I will show wonders in the heavens and on the earth, blood and fire and billows of smoke. The sun will be turned to darkness and the moon to blood before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the Lord. And everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved; for on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem there will be deliverance, as the Lord has said, even among the survivors whom the Lord calls. Joel 2:28-32

“In those days and at that time, when I restore the fortunes of Judah and Jerusalem, I will gather all nations and bring them down to the Valley of Jehoshaphat. There I will put them on trial for what they did to my inheritance, my people Israel, because they scattered my people among the nations and divided up my land. Joel 3:1-2

Proclaim this among the nations: Prepare for war! Rouse the warriors! Let all the fighting men draw near and attack. Beat your plowshares into swords and your pruning hooks into spears. Let the weakling say, “I am strong!” Come quickly, all you nations from every side, and assemble there. Bring down your warriors, Lord! “Let the nations be roused; let them advance into the Valley of Jehoshaphat, for there I will sit to judge all the nations on every side. Swing the sickle, for the harvest is ripe. Come, trample the grapes, for the winepress is full and the vats overflow—so great is their wickedness!” Multitudes, multitudes in the valley of decision! For the day of the Lord is near in the valley of decision. The sun and moon will be darkened, and the stars no longer shine. The Lord will roar from Zion and thunder from Jerusalem; the earth and the heavens will tremble. But the Lord will be a refuge for his people, a stronghold for the people of Israel. Blessings for God’s People “Then you will know that I, the Lordyour God, dwell in Zion, my holy hill. Jerusalem will be holy; never again will foreigners invade her. “In that day the mountains will drip new wine, and the hills will flow with milk; all the ravines of Judah will run with water. A fountain will flow out of the Lord’s house and will water the valley of acacias. But Egypt will be desolate, Edom a desert waste, because of violence done to the people of Judah, in whose land they shed innocent blood. Judah will be inhabited forever and Jerusalem through all generations. Shall I leave their innocent blood unavenged? No, I will not.” The Lord dwells in Zion! Joel 3:9-21

Amos
Amos was a prophet of God in the late 8th century bc. He warned primarily the northern kingdom of Israel about their sins and future exile. But he also prophesied judgement on surrounding kingdoms as well.

Woe to you who long for the day of the Lord! Why do you long for the day of the Lord? That day will be darkness, not light. It will be as though a man fled from a lion only to meet a bear, as though he entered his house and rested his hand on the wall only to have a snake bite him. Will not the day of the Lord be darkness, not light—pitch-dark, without a ray of brightness? Amos 5:18-20

“The days are coming,” declares the Sovereign Lord, “when I will send a famine through the land—not a famine of food or a thirst for water, but a famine of hearing the words of the Lord. People will stagger from sea to sea and wander from north to east, searching for the word of the Lord, but they will not find it. “In that day “the lovely young women and strong young men will faint because of thirst. Amos 8:11-13

“In that day I will restore David’s fallen shelter—I will repair its broken walls and restore its ruins—and will rebuild it as it used to be, so that they may possess the remnant of Edom and all the nations that bear my name,” declares the Lord, who will do these things. “The days are coming,” declares the Lord, “when the reaper will be overtaken by the plowman and the planter by the one treading grapes. New wine will drip from the mountains and flow from all the hills, and I will bring my people Israel back from exile. “They will rebuild the ruined cities and live in them. They will plant vineyards and drink their wine; they will make gardens and eat their fruit. I will plant Israel in their own land, never again to be uprooted from the land I have given them,” says the Lord your God. Amos 9:11-15

Obadiah
Obadiah was a prophet of God in the late 6th century bc before Judah's exile. He declares the destruction of Edom which is the people of Esau, Jacob's brother. Edomites are the enemy of God's people and they meet their end and destruction in the millennial reign of Christ.

“The day of the Lord is near for all nations. As you have done, it will be done to you; your deeds will return upon your own head. Just as you drank on my holy hill, so all the nations will drink continually; they will drink and drink and be as if they had never been. But on Mount Zion will be deliverance; it will be holy, and Jacob will possess his inheritance. Jacob will be a fire and Joseph a flame; Esau will be stubble, and they will set him on fire and destroy him. There will be no survivors from Esau.” The Lord has spoken. People from the Negev will occupy the mountains of Esau, and people from the foothills will possess the land of the Philistines. They will occupy the fields of Ephraim and Samaria, and Benjamin will possess Gilead. This company of Israelite exiles who are in Canaan will possess the land as far as Zarephath; the exiles from Jerusalem who are in Sepharad will possess the towns of the Negev. Deliverers will go up on Mount Zion to govern the mountains of Esau. And the kingdom will be the Lord’s. Obadiah 1:15-21

Jonah
Jonah was a prophet of God in the 8th century bc who fled from God. He was to go to Nineveh and preach repentance, but he knew God was merciful and desired destruction for Nineveh. The sea storm came, Jonah was cast over the boat, the great fish swallowed him and spit him out on the lan 3 days later. Then Jonah went to Nineveh and did what he was originally supposed to do. The people of Nineveh repented and God withdrew his wrath. Jonah was angry with God's decision. God rebukes Jonah and shows himself to be a God of grace, mercy, and forgiveness in the face of repentance.

Do not hold us accountable for killing an innocent man, for you, Lord, have done as you pleased.” Then they took Jonah and threw him overboard, and the raging sea grew calm. At this the men greatly feared the Lord, and they offered a sacrifice to the Lord and made vows to him. Now the Lord provided a huge fish to swallow Jonah, and Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights. Jonah 1:14-17 (The story foreshadows the Messiah. The killing of the innocent man Jonah is a type for Jesus. In Matt. 12:38-41 Jesus talks about the sign of Jonah. This is illustrated as 
Jesus was in the grave for 3 days and 3 nights just as Jonah was in the belly of the great fish. So the story depicts and foretells the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus Christ.)

Micah
Micah is a prophet of God in the early 8th century bc before the exile of Judah. He foretells the destruction of Judah and the exile of it's people. 

Look! The Lord is coming from his dwelling place. Micah 1:3

I will surely gather all of you, Jacob; I will surely bring together the remnant of IsraelI will bring them together like sheep in a pen, like a flock in its pasture; the place will throng with people. The One who breaks open the way will go up before themthey will break through the gate and go out. Their King will pass through before them, the Lord at their head.” Micah 2:12-13

In the last days the mountain of the Lord’s temple will be established as the highest of the mountains; it will be exalted above the hills, and peoples will stream to it. Many nations will come and say, “Come, let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, to the temple of the God of Jacob. He will teach us his ways, so that we may walk in his paths.” The law will go out from Zion, the word of the Lord from Jerusalem. He will judge between many peoples and will settle disputes for strong nations far and wide. They will beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not take up sword against nation, nor will they train for war anymore. Everyone will sit under their own vine and under their own fig tree, and no one will make them afraid, for the Lord Almighty has spoken. All the nations may walk in the name of their gods, but we will walk in the name of the Lord our God for ever and ever. “In that day,” declares the Lord, “I will gather the lame; I will assemble the exiles and those I have brought to grief. I will make the lame my remnant, those driven away a strong nation. The Lord will rule over them in Mount Zion from that day and forever. As for you, watchtower of the flock, stronghold of Daughter Zion, the former dominion will be restored to you; kingship will come to Daughter Jerusalem.” Micah 4:1-8

Marshal your troops now, city of troops, for a siege is laid against us. They will strike Israel’s ruler on the cheek with a rod. “But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, though you are small among the clans of Judah, out of you will come for me one who will be ruler over Israel, whose origins are from of old, from ancient times.” Therefore Israel will be abandoned until the time when she who is in labor bears a son, and the rest of his brothers return to join the Israelites. He will stand and shepherd his flock in the strength of the Lord, in the majesty of the name of the Lord his God. And they will live securely, for then his greatness will reach to the ends of the earth. Micah 5:1-4

Who is a God like you, who pardons sin and forgives the transgression of the remnant of his inheritance? You do not stay angry forever but delight to show mercy. You will again have compassion on us; you will tread our sins underfoot and hurl all our iniquities into the depths of the sea. You will be faithful to Jacob, and show love to Abraham, as you pledged on oath to our ancestors in days long ago. Micah 7:18-20

Nahum
Nahum is a prophet of God in the early 7th century bc just before the fall of Assyria and the capital city of Nineveh. God is a vengeful God toward those that do wrong to his people. Nahum foretells the fall of Nineveh, the capital city of Assyria.

Look, there on the mountains, the feet of one who brings good news, who proclaims peace! Celebrate your festivals, Judah, and fulfill your vows. No more will the wicked invade you; they will be completely destroyed. Nah. 1:15 (Nahum gives a small glimpse of the future Messiah and his further future millennial reign.)

Habakkuk
Habakkuk was a prophet of God around 600 bc just before the Babylonian exile. Habakkuk is quite an interesting book and is different from the other prophets in that he actually calls into question God's justice. 
Habakkuk: God why do you allow all the injustice and evil to prevail?
GodLook at the nations and watch—and be utterly amazed. For I am going to do something in your days that you would not believe, even if you were told. I am raising up the Babylonians, that ruthless and impetuous people. Hab. 1:5-6
Habakkuk: how long and why is it taking so long?
God: the righteous person will live by his faith. Hab. 2:4 But God assures Habakkuk that justice will prevail.
For the earth will be filled with the knowledge of the glory of the Lord as the waters cover the sea. Hab. 2:14 (Habakkuk references the millennial reign of Christ when the whole world will know him.)
Habakkuk: He praises God and finds peace and contentment with his faith and trust in God.

Zephaniah
Zephaniah was a prophet of God in the early 7th century bc before the Babylonian exile. He pronounce imminate destruction upon Judah and Jerusalem which did soon occur by the Babylonians. It is difficult to determine what if any of the prophecy eludes to the millennial kingdom when speaking about the restoration of Gods people or if he simply was referring to the return from exile of Babylon.

Haggai
Haggai was a prophet of God in the early 6th century bc during the Babylonian exile. He commanded the rebuilding of the temple to Zerubbabel. He also prophesied of the 1st advent of the Messiah and the 2nd advent of the millennial kingdom.

“This is what the Lord Almighty says: ‘In a little while I will once more shake the heavens and the earth, the sea and the dry land. I will shake all nations, and what is desired by all nations will come, and I will fill this house with glory,’ says the Lord Almighty. ‘The silver is mine and the gold is mine,’ declares the LordAlmighty. ‘The glory of this present house will be greater than the glory of the former house,’ says the Lord Almighty. ‘And in this place I will grant peace,’ declares the Lord Almighty.” Hag. 2:6-9 (The desire of the nations was for the Messiah to come. Haggai foretells this coming of the Messiah that he would fill this present house with his glory.)

Tell Zerubbabel governor of Judah that I am going to shake the heavens and the earth. I will overturn royal thrones and shatter the power of the foreign kingdoms. I will overthrow chariots and their drivers; horses and their riders will fall, each by the sword of his brother. “ ‘On that day,’ declares the Lord Almighty, ‘I will take you, my servant Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel,’ declares the Lord, ‘and I will make you like my signet ring, for I have chosen you,’ declares the Lord Almighty.” Hag. 2:21-23 (Zerubbabel was a type of the antitype of Christ. Haggai is foretelling of Christ's 2nd advent as king in the millennial kingdom.)

Zechariah
Zechariah was a prophet of God in the early 6th century bc during the Babylonian exile. He also commanded the rebuilding of the temple. He proclaimed mercy on God's people and judgement on their enemies who destroyed them. We will see that Zechariah talks about Jesus more than all the minor prophets.

“Shout and be glad, Daughter Zion. For I am coming, and I will live among you,” declares the Lord. “Many nations will be joined with the Lord in that day and will become my people. I will live among you and you will know that the Lord Almighty has sent me to you. The Lord will inherit Judah as his portion in the holy land and will again choose Jerusalem. Be still before the Lord, all mankind, because he has roused himself from his holy dwelling.” Zech. 2:10-13 (Zechariah foretells the coming of the Messiah over 600 years in advance. He also foretells the gentile nations being grafted into the new covenant.)

Then he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the Lord, and Satan standing at his right side to accuse him. The Lord said to Satan, “The Lord rebuke you, Satan! The Lord, who has chosen Jerusalem, rebuke you! Is not this man a burning stick snatched from the fire?” Now Joshua was dressed in filthy clothes as he stood before the angel. The angel said to those who were standing before him, “Take off his filthy clothes.” Then he said to Joshua, “See, I have taken away your sin, and I will put fine garments on you.” Then I said, “Put a clean turban on his head.” So they put a clean turban on his head and clothed him, while the angel of the Lordstood by. The angel of the Lord gave this charge to Joshua: “This is what the Lord Almighty says: ‘If you will walk in obedience to me and keep my requirements, then you will govern my house and have charge of my courts, and I will give you a place among these standing here. “ ‘Listen, High Priest Joshua, you and your associates seated before you, who are men symbolic of things to come: I am going to bring my servant, the Branch. See, the stone I have set in front of Joshua! There are seven eyes on that one stone, and I will engrave an inscription on it,’ says the Lord Almighty, ‘and I will remove the sin of this land in a single day. Zech. 3:1-9
(Zechariah foretells the good news of Jesus, who is called "the Branch," how he will take away our sins and make us clean with fine garments.)

Then the angel who talked with me returned and woke me up, like someone awakened from sleep. He asked me, “What do you see?” I answered, “I see a solid gold lampstand(Holy Spirit) with a bowl at the top and seven lamps(7 church eras) on it, with seven channels to the lamps. Also there are two olive trees(physical Israel and grafted in gentiles) by it, one on the right of the bowl and the other on its left.” I asked the angel who talked with me, “What are these, my lord?” He answered, “Do you not know what these are?” “No, my lord,” I replied. So he said to me, “This is the word of the Lord to Zerubbabel: ‘Not by might nor by power, but by my Spirit(Jesus builds his church through the power of the Holy Spirit),’ says the Lord Almighty. “What are you, mighty mountain? Before Zerubbabel you will become level ground(Zerubbabel is a type for Jesus who will remove the mighty mountain, or enemy, out of the way from thwarting the growth of Christ's church). Then he will bring out the capstone(Jesus) to shouts of ‘God bless it! God bless it!’ ”Then the word of the Lord came to me: “The hands of Zerubbabel have laid the foundation of this temple; his hands will also complete it(Jesus lays the foundation of the church and he will also complete it). Then you will know that the Lord Almighty has sent me to you. “Who dares despise the day of small things, since the seven eyes of the Lord that range throughout the earth will rejoice when they see the chosen capstone(Jesus) in the hand of Zerubbabel(Zerubbabel is a type for Jesus who will complete the church himself by himself being the capstone)?” Then I asked the angel, “What are these two olive trees on the right and the left of the lampstand?” Again I asked him, “What are these two olive branches beside the two gold pipes that pour out golden oil?” He replied, “Do you not know what these are?” “No, my lord,” I said. So he said, “These are the two who are anointed to serve the Lord of all the earth.” Zech. 4:1-14 (Zechariah foretells Jesus building the new covenant church by the power of the Holy Spirit, through the faithful believers.)

I looked again, and there before me was a flying scroll. He asked me, “What do you see?” I answered, “I see a flying scroll(the holy Scriptures traveling and spreading throughout the nations), twenty cubits long and ten cubits wide.” And he said to me, “This is the curse that is going out over the whole land(the law of God brings sin, and thus the curse of death); for according to what it says on one side, every thief will be banished, and according to what it says on the other, everyone who swears falsely will be banished. The Lord Almighty declares, ‘I will send it out(the Scriptures spread to the nations), and it will enter the house of the thief and the house of anyone who swears falsely by my name. It will remain in that house and destroy it completely, both its timbers and its stones.’ ” Zech. 5:1-4 (Zechariah foretells the holy Scriptures being spread throughout all the world as a witness to them.)

Then the angel who was speaking to me came forward and said to me, “Look up and see what is appearing.” I asked, “What is it?” He replied, “It is a basket.” And he added, “This is the iniquity of the people throughout the land(the basket holds the sin of the people).” Then the cover of lead was raised, and there in the basket sat a woman(represents a church)! He said, “This is wickedness(this is a wicked church formulated by the sin of the people),” and he pushed her back into the basket and pushed its lead cover down on it. Then I looked up—and there before me were two women(2 churches), with the wind in their wings! They had wings like those of a stork(unclean bird which represents sin which is associated with the 2 women), and they lifted up the basket between heaven and earth(the church of God, 1st woman, compromises with pagans, 2nd woman, to formulate and deliver the wicked church in the basket and carry it to a place). “Where are they taking the basket?” I asked the angel who was speaking to me. He replied, “To the country of Babylonia(Rome) to build a house for it. When the house is ready, the basket will be set there in its place.” Zech. 5:5-11 (Zechariah foretells the storyline in which Constantine in the 4th century ad merged christianity and paganism which was the great falling away. This then gave birth to the Roman Catholic church who is the wicked woman in the basket going to Babylon, which is code for Rome.) 

Take the silver and gold and make a crown, and set it on the head of the high priest, Joshua son of Jozadak. Tell him this is what the Lord Almighty says: ‘Here is the man whose name is the Branch, and he will branch out from his place and build the temple of the Lord. It is he who will build the temple of the Lord, and he will be clothed with majesty and will sit and rule on his throne. And he will be a priest on his throne. And there will be harmony between the two.’ Zech. 6:11-13 (Zechariah foretells of the coming Messiah. Joshua the high priest is a type for Jesus. "The Branch" is Jesus. Jesus builds his church and will rule as King and High Priest.)

This is what the Lord Almighty says: “In those days ten people from all languages and nations will take firm hold of one Jew by the hem of his robe and say, ‘Let us go with you, because we have heard that God is with you.’ ” Zech. 8:23 (Zechariah foretells of the Messiah and how people from all nations will follow him.)

Rejoice greatly, Daughter Zion! Shout, Daughter Jerusalem! See, your king comes to you(The Messiah comes to Jerusalem), righteous and victorious, lowly and riding on a donkey(Jesus literally road in on a donkey to Jerusalem), on a colt, the foal of a donkey. I will take away the chariots from Ephraim and the war horses from Jerusalem, and the battle bow will be broken. He will proclaim peace to the nations. His rule will extend from sea to sea and from the River to the ends of the earth(In his millennial reign in his 2nd advent he will rule the whole world and there will be no war)As for you, because of the blood of my covenant with you(the new covenant with his own blood sacrifice through his death on the cross)I will free your prisoners(prisoners of sin are freed by his shed blood of the new covenant)from the waterless pit. Return to your fortress(Jesus is our shelter from sin), you prisoners of hope; even now I announce that I will restore twice as much to you. I will bend Judah as I bend my bow and fill it with Ephraim. I will rouse your sons, Zion, against your sons, Greece, and make you like a warrior’s sword(the believers will war against the unbelievers in battle)Then the Lord will appear over them; his arrow will flash like lightning. The Sovereign Lord will sound the trumpet; he will march in the storms of the south, and the Lord Almighty will shield them. They will destroy and overcome with slingstones. They will drink and roar as with wine; they will be full like a bowl used for sprinkling the corners of the altar. The Lord their God will save his people on that day as a shepherd saves his flock(the enemy is defeated by God and he protects his people)They will sparkle in his land like jewels in a crown. How attractive and beautiful they will be! Grain will make the young men thrive, and new wine the young women(Millennial kingdom blessings). Zech. 9:9-17 (Zechariah prophesies of the 1st and 2nd advent of Christ.)

From Judah will come the cornerstone, from him the tent peg, from him the battle bow, from him every ruler. Zech. 10:4 (Zechariah prophecies of the coming Messiah, that he will come from the tribe of Judah.)

I told them, “If you think it best, give me my pay; but if not, keep it.” So they paid me thirty pieces of silver. And the Lord said to me, “Throw it to the potter”—the handsome price at which they valued me! So I took the thirty pieces of silver and threw them to the potter at the house of the Lord. Zech. 11:12-13 (Zechariah foreshadows the exact sum of money paid to Judas Iscariot to betray Jesus.)

“I am going to make Jerusalem a cup that sends all the surrounding peoples reeling. Judah will be besieged as well as Jerusalem. On that day, when all the nations of the earth are gathered against her, I will make Jerusalem an immovable rock for all the nations. All who try to move it will injure themselves. On that day I will strike every horse with panic and its rider with madness,” declares the Lord. “I will keep a watchful eye over Judah, but I will blind all the horses of the nations. Then the clans of Judah will say in their hearts, ‘The people of Jerusalem are strong, because the Lord Almighty is their God.’ “On that day I will make the clans of Judah like a firepot in a woodpile, like a flaming torch among sheaves. They will consume all the surrounding peoples right and left, but Jerusalem will remain intact in her place. “The Lord will save the dwellings of Judah first, so that the honor of the house of David and of Jerusalem’s inhabitants may not be greater than that of Judah. On that day the Lord will shield those who live in Jerusalem, so that the feeblest among them will be like David, and the house of David will be like God, like the angel of the Lord going before them. On that day I will set out to destroy all the nations that attack Jerusalem. “And I will pour out on the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem a spirit of grace and supplication. They will look on me, the one they have pierced, and they will mourn for him as one mourns for an only child, and grieve bitterly for him as one grieves for a firstborn son. Zech. 12:2-10 (Zechariah prophecies of the Lord protecting and strengthening his people during the millennial reign. Also foretells the death of Jesus in his 1st advent by "the one they have pierced.")

On that day a fountain will be opened to the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, to cleanse them from sin and impurity. “On that day, I will banish the names of the idols from the land, and they will be remembered no more,” declares the LordAlmighty. “I will remove both the prophets and the spirit of impurity from the land. And if anyone still prophesies, their father and mother, to whom they were born, will say to them, ‘You must die, because you have told lies in the Lord’s name.’ Then their own parents will stab the one who prophesies. “On that day every prophet will be ashamed of their prophetic vision. They will not put on a prophet’s garment of hair in order to deceive. Each will say, ‘I am not a prophet. I am a farmer; the land has been my livelihood since my youth. Zech. 13:1-5 (Zechariah is foretelling about the millennial reign of Christ.)

Awake, sword, against my shepherd, against the man who is close to me!” declares the Lord Almighty. “Strike the shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered, and I will turn my hand against the little ones. In the whole land,” declares the Lord, “two-thirds will be struck down and perish; yet one-third will be left in it. This third I will put into the fire; I will refine them like silver and test them like gold. They will call on my name and I will answer them; I will say, ‘They are my people,’ and they will say, ‘The Lord is our God.’ ” Zech. 13:7-9 (Zechariah foretells about when Jesus dies on the cross as the shepherd and his disciples flee persecution as his sheep. The gospels quote this verse as its fulfillment. Great persecution came on the disciples at this time and this refined them.)

A day of the Lord is coming, Jerusalem, when your possessions will be plundered and divided up within your very walls. I will gather all the nations to Jerusalem to fight against it; the city will be captured, the houses ransacked, and the women raped. Half of the city will go into exile, but the rest of the people will not be taken from the city. Then the Lord will go out and fight against those nations, as he fights on a day of battle. On that day his feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, east of Jerusalem, and the Mount of Olives will be split in two from east to west, forming a great valley, with half of the mountain moving north and half moving south. You will flee by my mountain valley, for it will extend to Azel. You will flee as you fled from the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah. Then the Lord my God will come, and all the holy ones with him. On that day there will be neither sunlight nor cold, frosty darkness. It will be a unique day—a day known only to the Lord—with no distinction between day and night. When evening comes, there will be light. On that day living water will flow out from Jerusalem, half of it east to the Dead Sea and half of it west to the Mediterranean Sea, in summer and in winter. The Lord will be king over the whole earth. On that day there will be one Lord, and his name the only name. The whole land, from Geba to Rimmon, south of Jerusalem, will become like the Arabah. But Jerusalem will be raised up high from the Benjamin Gate to the site of the First Gate, to the Corner Gate, and from the Tower of Hananel to the royal winepresses, and will remain in its place. It will be inhabited; never again will it be destroyed. Jerusalem will be secure. This is the plague with which the Lord will strike all the nations that fought against Jerusalem: Their flesh will rot while they are still standing on their feet, their eyes will rot in their sockets, and their tongues will rot in their mouths. On that day people will be stricken by the Lord with great panic. They will seize each other by the hand and attack one another. Judah too will fight at Jerusalem. The wealth of all the surrounding nations will be collected—great quantities of gold and silver and clothing. A similar plague will strike the horses and mules, the camels and donkeys, and all the animals in those camps. Then the survivors from all the nations that have attacked Jerusalem will go up year after year to worship the King, the Lord Almighty, and to celebrate the Festival of Tabernacles. If any of the peoples of the earth do not go up to Jerusalem to worship the King, the Lord Almighty, they will have no rain. If the Egyptian people do not go up and take part, they will have no rain. The Lord will bring on them the plague he inflicts on the nations that do not go up to celebrate the Festival of Tabernacles. This will be the punishment of Egypt and the punishment of all the nations that do not go up to celebrate the Festival of Tabernacles. On that day HOLY TO THE LORD will be inscribed on the bells of the horses, and the cooking pots in the Lord’s house will be like the sacred bowls in front of the altar. Every pot in Jerusalem and Judah will be holy to the Lord Almighty, and all who come to sacrifice will take some of the pots and cook in them. And on that day there will no longer be a Canaanite in the house of the Lord Almighty. Zech. 14:1-21 (Zechariah foretells about the millennial reign of Christ.)

Malachi
Malachi was a prophet of God in the early 5th century bc, which is when the book was written. He was the final prophet before the close of the old testament prophets and the silent period before the coming of the Messiah. Malachi foretells the 1st and 2nd advent of Christ.

And what does the one God seek? Godly offspring. Mal. 2:15

“I will send my messenger, who will prepare the way before me. Then suddenly the Lord you are seeking will come to his temple; the messenger of the covenant, whom you desire, will come
,” says the Lord Almighty. Mal. 3:1
(Malachi foretells of John the Baptist and then following the Messiah.)

“On the day when I act,” says the Lord Almighty, “they will be my treasured possession. I will spare them, just as a father has compassion and spares his son who serves him. And you will again see the distinction between the righteous and the wicked, between those who serve God and those who do not. “Surely the day is coming; it will burn like a furnace. All the arrogant and every evildoer will be stubble, and the day that is coming will set them on fire,” says the Lord Almighty. “Not a root or a branch will be left to them. But for you who revere my name, the sun of righteousness will rise with healing in its rays. And you will go out and frolic like well-fed calves. Then you will trample on the wicked; they will be ashes under the soles of your feet on the day when I act,” says the Lord Almighty. “Remember the law of my servant Moses, the decrees and laws I gave him at Horeb for all Israel. “See, I will send the prophet Elijah to you before that great and dreadful day of the Lord comes. He will turn the hearts of the parents to their children, and the hearts of the children to their parents; or else I will come and strike the land with total destruction.” Mal. 3:17 - 4:6 (Malachi foretells the 2nd advent of Christ and the Millennial kingdom.)
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